HTML Interview Questions

HTML Interview Questions

HTML is a widely used language that gives our webpage a structure. HTML stands for HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE. HTML was created by Berners Lee in 1991.

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HTML Interview Questions

HTML is a widely used language that gives our webpage a structure. HTML stands for HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE. HTML was created by Berners lee in 1991. A markup language is a set of markups tags. Every webpage is created in HTML. HTML documents are described in HTML tags.

The <fieldset> is a tag in HTML that is used to group related elements in a form. It draws a box around the related elements.

Basically, when we usually start with a hyperlink that is Mailto rather than using HTTP or others, the browser should be able to compose an email in the visitor’s default email program on their computer. There are two ways to insert a mailto link into a HubSpot page or email, just by inserting a hyperlink into the rich editor or inputting into the source code. Option one is basically nothing just to insert a mailto link as a hyperlink, also highlight the text or click on the image as you wish.to apply on the mailto link to for your contacts or visitors to click on and finally click Add the link to finish. Option two is to Insert a mailto link into the source code and Click Save to finish then Publish or Update your page.
Example:
<a href="mailto:someone@example.com?Subject=Hello%20again" target="_top">Send Mail</a>

HTML tag is just opening or closing entity.

Example: <p> and </p> are called HTML tags

HTML element encompasses opening tag, closing tag, content (optional for content-less tags)

Example: <p>This is the content</p> : This complete thing is called an HTML element

source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/8937384/what-is-the-difference-between-html-tags-and-elements

If you go and have a look at HTML markup for any webpage today, you will let to know that HTML elements are contained within other HTML elements. These elements which are inside of other are known as nested elements and they had become the essential part of building any web page nowadays. The most expertise way to know more about nesting is just to think about HTML tags in the form of boxes that hold your content which can be in form of text, images,etc.HTML tags are basically the boxes around the content.

The difference between span and div is that a span element is in-line and usually used for a small chunk of HTML inside a line (such as inside a paragraph) whereas a div (division) element is block-line (which is basically equivalent to having a line-break before and after it) and used to group larger chunks of code.

<div id="scissors">
    <p>This is <span class="paper">crazy</span></p>
</div>

Further Reading: http://www.htmldog.com/guides/html/intermediate/spandiv/

Yes, Collapsing white spaces is one good way of writing HTML codes in an organized way. White spaces act similar to a single-spaced character and occupy the same size as rest of the characters. By collapsing multiple white spaces, we can indent lines of text and make the code more readable.

A Physical tag has physical text which is used to tell the browser how to display the text enclosed in the physical tag.

Example for the physical tags are: <big>, <b>, <i>

Logical tags are used to tell the meaning of the enclosed text in it. The example of the logical tag is <Important>….</Important> tag. When we enclose text in Important tag then it tell the browser that enclosed text is more important than other text.

Basically, in 1980, A great physicist Sir Tim Berners -Lee who is a contractor at CERN proposed the way through which documents can be shared easily. So, he prototyped ENQUIRE (a system for CERN), which would help researchers to use and share documents.HTML Tags was basically the first publicly description of HTML which was first mentioned by Tim Berners Lee in late 1991. He is usually the professor of computer programming. He is the author of HTML which is treated to be as the foremost computer languages of all the times. His idea of writing this language brought a tycoon in the computer technology world and also nowadays it is also much popular and most trending.

People always confuse in understanding terms elements and tags. It must be noted that HTML documents contain tags, but do not contain the elements.It is a wide misconception that usually occurs in mind that both exist in HTML documents.elements are usually only generated after parsing step from these tags.
Sir Tim Berners-Lee, a great physicist who is a great personality is the author of HTML. He is also the director of the World Wide Web Consortium i.e. W3C. He is also the founder of WWWF i.e.World wide Web Foundation. Open Data Institute is founded by him and also he is director of this institute.H e is a director of the Web Science Research Initiative i.e. WSRI and a member of the advisory board of the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence. Sir Tim Berners is a great personality, as he is the professor of the computer department and also the founder of many institutes and Research initiatives. An idea struck into his mind, how can a computer be made helpful for using and sharing documents. So, he designed the most trending and tremendous language, through which it is very easy to make web pages and all. Also, it is most trending and still is in use rather like other outdated languages.