MongoDB Interview Questions
- 1) What is use of capped collection in MongoDB?
- 2) What are Primary and Secondary Replica sets?
- 3) What is splitting in mongodb?
- 4) What do you know about MongoDB?
- 5) Explain what is MongoDB?
- 6) List some important features of MongoDB?
- 7) What is namespace in MongoDB?
- 8) What is BSON in MongoDB?
- 9) What type of DBMS is MongoDB?
- 10) What is the document structure of MongoDB?
- 11) What is replica set in MongoDB?
- 12) What is profiler in MongoDB?
- 13) Write the syntax for creating and droping a collection in MongoDB?
- 14) What is the size limit of a document?
- 15) What is _id Field in MongoDB?
- 16) Explain what is ObjectId in MongoDB?
- 17) Write syntax to create or select a database in MongoDB?
- 18) What is a collection in MongoDB?
- 19) What is use of insertOne and insertMany in MongoDB?
- 20) What is sharding in MongoDB?
- 21) What is writeConcern in MongoDB?
- 22) What is use of upsert in MongoDB?
- 23) Explain what is Mongoose?
- 24) List some alternatives of MongoDB?
- 25) What is 32-bit nuances?
Below are the list of Best MongoDB Interview Questions and Answers
Capped collections are fixed-size collections that restrict updates to the documents if the update results in increased document size and it ensures that the document size does not increase the size allocated on the disk.
A replica set is a group of MongoDB instances that host the same data set. The primary is the only member in the replica set that receives write operations. Whereas Secondary members replicate this log and apply the operations to their data sets.
In MongoDb, Splitting is a process that keeps chunks from growing too large with the help of split command(). MongoDB splits the chunk, when a chunk grows beyond a specified chunk size, on the basis of shard key values the chunk represents.
The important features of MongoDB are listed below: –
- Aggregation framework– it uses aggregation framework for the batch processing of data and aggregation operations. It should be used in an effective manner.
- The usage of BSON format in MongoDB– it uses the binary-encoded serialization of JSON-like documents. The data-types like- date and binary are supported in the format.
- The sharing feature of MongoDB– using this feature, MongoDB supports the distribution of data across multiple machines. It supports deployment with large sets of data.
- The Ad hoc queries in MongoDB– it supports field, range queries, and regular expressions.
- Collections– MongoDB supports fixed size collection which can also be termed as capped collections.
Here goes a list of the languages which can be used with MongoDB: –
Currently, MongoDB provides driver support for the languages listed above. It can be used easily with any of these languages.
In MongoDB, a namespace is a combination of the database name and collection or index name. It is a canonical name for an index or a collection in MongoDB. A namespace consists of all the documents in MongoDB. The maximum length of a collection of namespaces is called the namespace length. It consists of the database name, a dot operator (.), and the name of the collection.
The namespace contains all the helper classes which can be used to construct various options which are to be used in the drivers. A namespace can also be termed as the concatenation of the collection name and the database name.
- Your schema should be designed according to your requirements.
- If the objects are to be used together, you should combine them into one document. Otherwise, you should use them separately.
- Joins should be performed while writing and not while reading.
- If use cases are used more frequently, then you should optimize your schema.
- Complex aggregation should be done in the schema.
The creation of the collection is the basic step in MongoDB. Here is the syntax for creating a collection in MongoDB-
Db.createCollection (name, options)
Dropping a collection basically means deleting a collection. Following is the syntax for dropping a collection in MongoDB-
- Key value store NoSQL database
- Document store NoSQL database
- Column store NoSQL database
- Graph-based NoSQL database
- In terms of data representation– in MySQL, we represent data in the form of tables and rows. Whereas, in MongoDB data is represented as collections of JSON documents.
- Querying– in SQL, we put together a string in the query language which is then parsed by the database system. Whereas, in MongoDB, object querying is used.
- Relationships– in MySQL, the relational database is only the Join operation which allows us to perform queries across multiple tables. Whereas MongoDB does not support join operation but can support multi-dimensional data types such as arrays, etc. in this, embedding is a process in which we place one document inside the other.
- Transactions– MySQL supports atomic transactions which are the ability to contain multiple operations within a transaction. Whereas, MongoDB does not support transactions.
- Schema definition– in MySQL, you need to define your tables and columns before storing anything. Whereas, in MongoDB, you don’t need to define a schema.
When the mongoose is created at the first time the version key is a property set on every document. The value of this key comprises of the internal revision of the document. It is understood that the name of this document is configurable. The default key is __v
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