NOSQL is an alternative to the traditional Relational Database Management system. It is designed to work with large sets of distributed data. NoSQL databases stores data in the key-value form. Here is the list of Best NoSQL interview Questions and answers
NoSQL interview questions
- 1) What is NoSQL?
- 2) What do you understand by NoSQL in databases?
- 3) List some of the features of NoSQL?
- 4) What are advantages and disadvantages of NoSQL?
- 5) How does NoSQL database management system budget memory?
- 6) Explain Oracle NoSQL database management system?
- 7) What are the pros and cons of a graph database under NoSQL databases?
- 8) List the different kinds of NoSQL data stores?
- 9) What is CAP theorem? How is it applicable to NoSQL systems?
- 10) What do you mean by eventual consistency in NoSQL stores?
- 11) What do you understand by Polyglot Persistence in NoSQL?
- 12) What do you understand by " Polyglot Persistence " in NoSQL?
- 13) Write down the differences between NoSQL and RDBMS?
- 14) Enlist differences between SQL and NoSQL databases?
- 15) What is sharding in nosql?
Below are the list of Best NoSQL interview questions and Answers
NoSQL is a concept when the data is not connected with the relational database. It is an advanced method of database where there are no tables used to manipulate data. NoSQL is designed to support high performance, big table and graph databases.
- Using NoSQL, we can store the large amount of structured, semi-structured, and unstructured data.
- It supports agile sprint, quick iteration, and frequent code pushes.
- It uses object-oriented programming which is frequent and is also easy to use.
- It is more efficient. It has a scale-out architecture. It is cheap instead of being expensive. It has a monolithic architecture. It can be easily accessed.
Advantages of NoSQL
- Using the new node concepts, the database of NoSQL can be expanded to the set limit. Low commodity hardware takes this point as an added advantage.
- NoSQL databases are used to store a massive volume of information. Big data and recently posted user reviews utilize the concept of NoSQL.
- There is no expensive administration required to monitor the database of NoSQL.
- NoSQL can be installed with cheap economy instead of spending money on complicated systems.
Disadvantages of NoSQL
- Since NoSQL is a new technology of database storage, there are many other systems in the market which are already leading in the market.
- The previously built systems have the support available round the clock, but the NoSQL support system is less comparatively.
- Since NoSQL is a new technology, it is not supporting the old commands that are used in the system.
The NoSQL database management system is a distributed key-value database. It is designed so that it can provide highly reliable and scalable data. It can make the data storage available across all the configurable set of systems which functions as storage nodes. In this database system, data is stored as key-value pairs. This data is written to a particular storage node. These databases provide a mechanism for the storage and retrieval of data which is composed in a way other than the tabular method which was used in the relational databases.
Pros of using graph database:
- These are tailor-made for the networking applications. A social network is a good example of this.
- They can also be perfect for an object-oriented programming system.
Cons of using graph database:
- Since the degree of interconnection between nodes is high in graph database, so it is not suitable for network partitioning.
- Also, graph databases don’t scale out well in NoSQL databases.
- Key value store- it is a simple data storage key system which uses keys to access different values.
- Column family store- it is a sparse matrix system. It uses columns and rows as keys.
- Graph store- it is used in case of relationships-intensive problems.
- Document stores- it is used for storing hierarchical data structures directly in the database.
The CAP theorem was proposed by Eric Brewer in early 2000. In this, three system attributes have been discussed within the distributed databases. That is-
- Consistency- in this, all the nodes see the same data at the same time.
- Availability- it gives us a guarantee that there will be a response for every request made to the system about whether it was successful or not.
- Partition tolerance- it is the quality of NoSQL database management system which states that the system will work even if a part of the system has failed or is not working.
A distributed database system might provide only 2 of the 3 above qualities.
While storing data, it is advisable to choose multiple data storage systems so that the system allows us to store various data in our future. This is a safer type of data storage system because we do not want to risk on single data storage system. This type of storage is called as polyglot persistence in NoSQL.
Following is a list of the differences between NoSQL and RDBMS: –
- In terms of data format, NoSQL does not follow any order for its data format. Whereas, RDBMS is more organized and structured when it comes to the format of its data.
- When it comes to scalability, NoSQL is more very good and more scalable. Whereas, RDBMS is average and less scalable than NoSQL.
- For querying of data, NoSQL is limited in terms of querying because there is no join clause present in NoSQL. Whereas, querying can be used in RDBMS as it uses the structured query language.
- The difference in the storage mechanism of NoSQL and RDBMS is that, NoSQL uses key value pair, documents, column storage, etc. for storage. Whereas, RDBMS uses various tables for storing data and relationships.
Differences between SQL and NoSQL databases
|Works with the relational database system||Works with the distributed database system|
|Vertically scalable||Horizontally scalable|
|Systems are fixed and not flexible||Systems are dynamic and flexible|
|Failure in hierarchical data storage||Perfect for hierarchical data storage|
|Any complex queries can be used||Not suitable for complex queries|
Sharding in NOSQL is the process of storing data records across multiple machines.It is a partitioning pattern in which each shard is held on a separate database server instance, to spread load and provide fast data access.
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