Testing Interview Questions
- 21st Mar, 2023
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1. Agile Testing
A software testing practice that reflects the principles of agile software development is called agile testing and is an iterative development methodology, where conditions evolve through collaboration among the customer and self-organizing teams and agile aligns development with clients' needs.
In this testing, an agile team works as a single team towards a shared objective of achieving quality and agile testing has shorter time frames called iterations and also, such a methodology is called a release, or delivery-driven approach as it gives a more reliable prediction on the workable products in a short time period.
Selenium is a frame that examines internet-related applications and performs authoring functional tests without learning a test scripting language (IDE). And also, it renders a test domain-specific language (Selenese) to record tests in several popular programming languages like C#, Groovy, Java, PHP, Python, Ruby, and Scala. The tests can also be tested on modern web browsers and Selenium operates on Windows, Linux, and macOS and is open-source software released under the Apache License 2.0.
3. Information Assurance
Information assurance shortened as IA is a way to secure data by diversifying risks associated with the application, processing, and transmission of information and the systems and processes used for those purposes in addition to the protection of the integrity, availability, authenticity, non-repudiation, and confidentiality of user data. Moreover, it applies physical and administrative controls to accomplish these tasks, while focused predominantly on information not only in digital form but also in analog or physical form and these protections apply to data in transit as well as data at rest in various types of physical and electronic storage facilities. In other words, IA is a superset of information security, and as the business outcome of information risk management.
4. Etl Testing
ETL (Extract Transform Load) testing is testing to ensure that the data that has been loaded from a source to the destination after business transformation is accurate and includes the verification of information at various middle stages that are being used between source and destination. ETL testing is done in five stages; identifying data sources and requirements, data acquisition, implement business logics and dimensional modelling, build and populate data and build reports
Jira is a proprietary issue tracking product by Atlassian that permits bug tracking and agile project management and is employed for issue tracking and project management in 122 countries. Moreover, some of the organizations that have utilized Jira at some point in time for bug-tracking and project management comprises Fedora Commons, and the Apache Software Foundation, which uses Jira and Bugzilla. Jira has tools allowing migration from competitor Bugzilla and contains four packages are; Jira Core, Jira Software, Jira Service Desk, and Jira Ops.
Bugzilla is an internet-based bug tracking and testing service developed by the Mozilla project, licensed under the Mozilla Public License, and is employed, among others, by the Mozilla Foundation, WebKit, Linux, KDE, Apache, Red Hat, Eclipse, and LibreOffice. It is self-hosting and while the potential exists in the system to turn Bugzilla into a technical support system, and task management tool, developers have preferred to focus on the task of designing a system to track defects.
Protractor, a Node.js program is a closed test framework for AngularJS applications that helps the Jasmine and Mocha test frameworks. In the working part, Selenium is for browser automation framework and includes the Selenium Server, the WebDriver APIs, and the WebDriver browser drivers and Protractor works in association with Selenium to provide an automated test infrastructure that can reproduce a user’s interaction with an Angular application working in a browser or any other device.
SDET is the short form for Software Development Engineer in Test, a role is originated from Microsoft and currently, several businesses are demanding such SDET professionals who can participate in the advancement of the application and also in examination of the software developed. Validator, on the other hand, can be a standard tester or quality analyst who does not cooperate in software development and are often involved in developing the quality, robust and high-performance code which is beneficial in the automation of test cases or designing the testing framework which can be employed as a testing tool.
Appium is an automation framework for application with native and mobile web apps and drives OSes utilizing the WebDriver protocol. Moreover, Appium intends to automate any mobile app from any language and test framework, with complete access to back-end APIs and DBs from test code. It is built on the belief that testing apps shouldn't require including an SDK and its possible to use preferred test practices, frameworks, and tools and has made design and tool decisions to support a vibrant contributing community.
UFT (Micro Focus Unified Functional Testing) software renders regression tests for software environments. It supports keyword and scripting interfaces and features a graphical user interface in addition to utilizing the VBScript scripting language to define a test procedure and to handle the objects and controls of the application under test. UFT enables developers to examine all three layers of operations from a single console; the interface, service layer, and database layer.
Jenkins is an open-source automation server. It is especially used to automate parts of the software development process, such as building, testing, and deploying software. It was originally developed as a fork of the Hudson project and has since become a popular tool for software development teams.
12. Selenium Webdriver
LoadRunner is a performance testing tool used to test the performance, scalability, and reliability of web applications, mobile applications, and other software applications. LoadRunner simulates user behavior and generates loads on the application under test, allowing testers to identify and analyze performance issues.
14. Java Testing
Java Testing refers to the process of testing Java applications to ensure they meet the desired quality, functionality, and performance criteria. There are different types of tests that can be performed on Java applications, including unit tests, integration tests, functional tests, performance tests, and security tests.
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