Polymer JS is currently the simplest way to create custom HTML elements for API development because this library is built on top of web standards API. It also has computed properties and creation of hybrid mobile applications is super easy too. Moreover, it provides gesture events, provides the polyfills by this we can create our own customized elements and distributes custom elements across network that can be used by users. Plus, it has both one way and two-way data binding. It also provides command line interface, which helps to manage the project from simple to complicated application as well as cross-browser compatible application.
The architecture of Polymer.js is divided into four important layers which are explained below:
Polymer contains a few primary collections of elements. They can be used in web pages and applications and are developed or built with the Polymer library. The polymer.js elements are as follows:
Polymer observes changes on any element’s properties by taking following actions.
Custom elements provide a component model for the web. The custom element specifications offer a set of callbacks, which are known as “custom element reactions”. These allow you to run user code in response to certain lifecycle changes. Some of the reactions, which allow making changes in elements and their descriptions are listed as follows:
Polymer-element.html, legacy-element.html, polymer.html are the imports used to define the Polymer elements. Import technically translates to receiving data into one program from another. The above-mentioned imports perform various functions such as define custom and hybrid polymer elements, define a base class and includes previous imports and helper elements.
DOM stands for Document Object Model. It is a property of DOM used to building components. One can think of shadow DOM as a scoped sub-tree inside the Polymer.js element. Browsers use Shadow DOM to implement default HTML components such as the <video> tag. The Shadow DOM specification allows the developers to use the same techniques in our own custom elements. DOM is basically an application-programming interface (API) for valid HTML and well-formed XML documents. It defines the logical structure of documents and the way a document is accessed and manipulated. Shadow DOM, in particular, refers to the ability of the browser to include a sub-tree of DOM elements into the rendering of a document, but not into the main document DOM tree.
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