D3 JS interview questions

D3.js interview questions

D3.js is defined as a JavaScript-based library for manipulating documents based on data. D3 helps you bring data to life using HTML, SVG, and CSS. D3's emphasis on web standards gives you the full capabilities of modern browsers without tying yourself to a proprietary framework, combining powerful visualization components and a data-driven approach to DOM manipulation.

Data visualization Interview Questions and answers.

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D3.js is defined as a JavaScript-based library for manipulating documents based on data. D3 helps you bring data to life using HTML, SVG, and CSS. D3’s emphasis on web standards gives you the full capabilities of modern browsers without tying yourself to a proprietary framework, combining powerful visualization components and a data-driven approach to DOM manipulation.

D3 stands for Data-Driven Documents

Mike Bostock wrote D3.js based on his work during his Ph.D. studies at the Stanford Visualization Group. Mike worked at the The New York Times for a while and is now independently working on D3.js.

You can use D3 js because

  • D3.js lets you to build the data visualization framework
  • D3.js focuses on binding data to DOM elements.
  • D3.js is written in JavaScript and uses a functional style which means you can reuse code and add specific functions to your heart’s content.

D3.js uses CSS-style selectors to identify elements on which to operate.
Example:

d3.selectAll("p").style("color", "white");

D3 implements a declarative approach, operating on arbitrary sets of nodes called selections.
Also, Read Neo4j interview questions

 

In D3.js “Enter” selection is used to create new nodes for incoming data and “Exit” selection is used eliminate outgoing nodes that are no longer required.

There are 7 types of slider are available in D3.js, they are

  • Default slider
  • Slider with start value
  • Slider with slide event: 0
  • Slider with default axis
  • Slider with custom axis
  • Slider with min, max and step values
  • Vertical slider

A transition is a selection-like interface for animating changes to the DOM. Instead of applying changes instantaneously, transitions smoothly interpolate the DOM from its current state to the desired target state over a given duration.

To apply a transition, select elements, call selection.transition and then make the desired changes.

For example:

d3.select("body")
  .transition()
    .style("background-color", "red");

d3.interpolateObject(a,b) command is used to interpolate two objects in d3.js

The correct way to use XML file for d3 is d3. xml(url[mimeType][,callback]) . This command is used to create a request for the XML file at the specified url.

The best way to create the stacked chart in d3 js with the hel[p of the following steps:

  • Enter the data in a worksheet and highlight the data.
  • Click the Insert tab and click Chart. Click Area and click Stacked Area.

 

You can import XML data using d3.js with parsed XML data objects. d3.​csv().

If input is greater than 10 or less than 0 in domain or the range is greater than 600 then it is not a valid scale in d3 js.

To create scales showing the linear relationship between the output and input we use d3.scale.linear() and d3.scaleLinear(). The domain and range of the scale are set by default at the interval (0,1) which expresses the function y = x. It can be used for flipped range, nice bounds, round ranges, non-numerical range, camping, etc.

There is a minor difference between d3.scale.linear() and d3.scaleLinear() which is on the basis of its use.

  • If you want to create d3.js linear scale on version 3 then use API d3.scale.linear()
  • If you want to create d3.js linear scale on version 4 and 5 then use API d3.scaleLinear()

With the help of the d3.zoom function you can alter zoom modes in d3 js.

You can set initial zoom level in D3.js by setting d3.behavior.zoom().translate([100,50]).scale(.5);

You can resize an SVG when the window is resized in d3.js by resize function, for example Svg = d3.select("#div_basicResize") .append("​svg").

You can use d3.mouse() function in order to get the Mouse position in D3.js. This function will return the x-coordinate and y-​coordinate of the current event.

In SVG we can re-select a circle and modify it or access its properties. Whereas in Canvas you can't bind data to shapes within the canvas as the canvas only comprises pixels.

You can format the date in d3.js with the help of d3 time formatting, for example d3.time.format("%Y-%m-%d").

The types of loops available in D3.js with syntax can be demonstrated by:

  • Creating an Empty SVG - const svg = d3.create("svg");
  • Creating a Circle Element - var circle = svg
  • Function to Contract the Circle - function contractCircle() 

In d3.js axes renders human-readable reference marks for scales. D3 provides the following functions to draw axes:

  • d3.axisTop() - Creates top horizontal axis.
  • d3.axisRight() - Creates vertical right-oriented axis.
  • d3.axisBottom() - Creates bottom horizontal axis.
  • d3.axisLeft() - Creates left vertical axis.

In d3.js a transition is a selection-like interface for animating changes to the DOM therefore instead of applying changes instantaneously, transitions smoothly interpolate the DOM from its current state to the desired target state over a given duration.

To calculate the area of the polygon in d3.js you can use d3. polygonArea. It returns the area of the specified polygon. If the vertices of the polygon are in counterclockwise order the returned area is positive; otherwise, it is negative, or zero.