Phalcon Interview Questions for Beginners

Phalcon Interview Questions

What is Phalcon?

Phalcon is a PHP framework based on the Model View Controller pattern. It is developed by Andres Gutierrez and written in C, PHP programming. Phalcon is an open-source web framework licensed under the BSD License. If you are looking for Phalcon resources to crack an interview on Phalcon then you can visit on following links.

Finally, practice here the most popular Phalcon Interview Questions and Answers, which are very helpful for freshers & experienced.

Quick Questions about Phalcon

Quick QuestionsAnswers
Phalcon is a Web Framework
is written inZephir, C, & PHP Language
Phalcon is developed ByAndrés Gutiérrez
Phalcon supports osWindows, Linux, macOS, & BSD
Phalcon is licensed underBSD
Phalcon is initially released on14 Nov. 2012
Phalcon main advantagesFaster than other PHP frameworks.

Key Responsibilities of Phalcon Developer

As a Phalcon Developer, some of the key responsibilities you may be expected to have include:

  • Develop web applications and APIs using the Phalcon framework.
  • Collaborate with cross-functional teams to design, develop, and test new features and functionality.
  • Write clean, efficient, and readable code in PHP and other related languages.
  • Troubleshooting and debugging code issues as they arise.
  • Develop and maintain databases and data models for web applications.
  • Optimizing web applications for performance and scalability.
  • Implementing security best practices, such as input validation, authentication, and authorization.
  • Integrating third-party libraries and APIs into web applications.
  • Staying up-to-date with the latest trends and technologies in web development.
  • Mentoring and providing proper guidance to junior developers.
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Below are the list of Best Phalcon Interview Questions and Answers

Phalcon is a free open source PHP framework based on MVC design pattern that is delivered to end users as a C -extension for the PHP language providing high performance and lower resource consumption.Phalcon is developed by Andres Gutierrez and written in Zephir/C.

Phalcon is built upon a powerful yet easy to understand and use a pattern called Dependency Injection.

Phalcon’s Dependency injection initializes or define services once – and use them virtually anywhere throughout the application.

Below is the list of basic features provided by Phalcon PHP framework.

  • Low overhead
  • MVC & HMVC Pattern
  • Dependency Injection
  • Support for Rest
  • Autoloader
  • Router

The root folder of Phalcon Php contains files and directories

  • App
    • Config
    • Controllers
    • Library
    • Migrations
    • Models
    • Views
  • Cache
  • Public
    • Css
    • files
    • img
    • js
    • temp
  • .htaccess
  • .htaccess
  • .htrouter.php
  • index.html

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In Phalcon you can register namespaces, prefixes, directories or classes by loader class. Below are sample usage for same.

Registering namespaces/prefixes in Phalcon

use Phalcon\Loader;
$loader = new Loader();

// Register some namespaces
       "Example\Base"    => "vendor/example/base/",
       "Example\Adapter" => "vendor/example/adapter/",
       "Example"         => "vendor/example/",

// Register autoloader

Registering directories in Phalcon

use Phalcon\Loader;

// Creates the autoloader
$loader = new Loader();

// Register some directories

// Register autoloader

Registering classes in Phalcon

use Phalcon\Loader;

// Creates the autoloader
$loader = new Loader();

// Register some classes
        "Some"         => "library/OtherComponent/Other/Some.php",
        "Example\Base" => "vendor/example/adapters/Example/BaseClass.php",

// Register autoloader

Routing in Phalcon Framework is managed by its Router component. Router components allow you to
define routes that are mapped to controllers or handlers that should receive the request from your application.A router simply parses a URI to determine this information. The router has two modes: MVC mode and match-only mode. The first mode is ideal for working with MVC applications.

Phalcon uses an independent module “Phalcon\Validation” for validating users requests. This component can be used to implement validation rules on data objects that do not belong to a model or collection.
The loosely-coupled design of this component allows you to create your own validators along with the ones provided by the framework.
The following example shows basic usage of validations in Phalcon :


use Phalcon\Forms\Element\Text;
use Phalcon\Validation\Validator\PresenceOf;
use Phalcon\Validation\Validator\StringLength;

$name = new Text(

    new PresenceOf(
            "message" => "The name is required",

    new StringLength(
            "min"            => 10,
            "messageMinimum" => "The name is too short",


PHQL stands for Phalcon Query Language, PHQL is a high-level, object-oriented SQL dialect that allows writing queries using a standardized SQL-like language. PHQL is implemented as a parser (written in C) that translates syntax in that of the target RDBMS.

Few database related functions in Phalcon are find(),findFirst(),query(),findFirstBy(),count(),save(),delete()

Phalcon session component provides object-oriented wrappers to access session data.
Below is usage guide to Read, Write and Delete sessions in Phalcon

Writing or Creating session in Phalcon

 $this->session->set("user-name", "Michael");

Reading or Retrieving session in Phalcon


Deleting or Removing session in Phalcon


Phalcon uses PDO_ to connect to databases. The following database engines are supported:

  • Phalcon\Db\Adapter\Pdo\Mysql : Mysql
  • Phalcon\Db\Adapter\Pdo\Postgresql : Postgresql
  • Phalcon\Db\Adapter\Pdo\Sqlite : SQLite

Phalcon CSRF tokens use sessions, so if you increase your session timeout it will automatically increase the token time as well.

Phalcon offers the object-oriented classes, necessary to implement the Model, View, Controller architecture (often referred to as MVC) in your application. This design pattern is widely used by other web frameworks and desktop applications.

MVC benefits include:

  • Isolation of business logic from the user interface and the database layer.
  • Making it clear where different types of code belong for easier maintenance.

If you decide to use MVC, every request to your application resources will be managed by the MVC architecture. Phalcon classes are written in C language, offering a high-performance approach to this pattern in a PHP based application.

Zephir – Ze(nd Engine) Ph(p) I(nt)r(mediate) – is a high-level language that eases the creation and maintainability of extensions for PHP. Zephir extensions are exported to C code that can be compiled and optimized by major C compilers such as gcc/clang/vc++. Functionality is exposed to the PHP language

source (

The setVar() method is used to pass data from the controller to view template in Phalcon.

Usage:- $this->view->setVar("username", $user->username);

Phalcon uses a powerful and fast templating engine called Volt.
Volt is an ultra-fast and designer-friendly templating language written in C for PHP. It provides you a set of helpers to write views in an easy way. Volt is highly integrated with other components of Phalcon, just as you can use it as a stand-alone component in your applications.

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If a service container (DI) is available for Volt, you can use the services by only accessing the name of the service in the template:

{# Inject the 'flash' service #}
<div id="messages">{{ flash.output() }}</div>

{# Inject the 'security' service #}

ODM (Object-Document Mapper) offers a CRUD functionality, events, validations among other services in Phalcon.

Single Module Application: Single MVC applications consist of one module only. Namespaces can be used but are not necessary.

Multi-Module Application: A multi-module application uses the same document root for more than one module.

Below is the list of Application Events in Phalcon.

Event NameTriggered
bootExecuted when the application handles its first request
beforeStartModuleBefore initializing a module, only when modules are registered
afterStartModuleAfter initializing a module, only when modules are registered
beforeHandleRequestBefore executing the dispatch loop
afterHandleRequestAfter executing the dispatch loop