Ruby on Rails Interview Questions for Freshers

Ruby on Rails Interview Questions

What is Ruby on Rails?

Ruby on Rails or Rails is a model-view-controller, server-side framework which is written in ruby. It provides a default structure for a database, web service, and web pages. It makes use of web standards like JSON, XML, HTML, CSS, etc. for the transfer of data and also for displaying and user interfacing. It was developed by David Heinemeier Hansson on 13th December 2005. It even uses various software engineering patterns and paradigms some of them being- Convention over Configuration (CoC), Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY), and Active Record Pattern (ARP). It had a great influence on web development since it had some innovative features and frameworks.

Quick Questions About Ruby on Rails

Quick QuestionsAnswers
Ruby on Rails is aServer-side web application framework
Ruby on Rails is written inRuby Programming Language
Ruby on Rails is originally developed byDavid Heinemeier Hansson
Ruby on Rails is initially released onAug. 2004
Ruby on Rails is licensed underMIT Licence

Key Responsibilities of Ruby on Rails Developer

As a Ruby on Rails Developer, some of the key responsibilities are as follows: 

  • Developing and maintaining Ruby on Rails applications.
  • Writing clean and efficient code following best practices.
  • Collaborating with cross-functional teams to gather requirements and design solutions.
  • Testing and debugging applications to ensure proper functionality.
  • Troubleshooting and resolving issues reported by users or stakeholders.
  • Optimizing performance and scalability of applications.
  • Integrating data storage solutions, such as databases and APIs.
  • Implementing security measures to protect applications and user data.
  • Conducting code reviews and providing feedback to improve code quality.
  • Keeping up with industry trends and new technologies to enhance development processes.
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Below are the list of Best Ruby on Rails Interview Questions and Answers

Following is a list of some naming conventions used in ruby on rails:
  • Variables– it is used for the declaration of variables in which all the letters should be in lowercase and the words should be separated by underscore.
  • Class and module– a class is declared which encapsulates every function. The class or module name can be written in mixed case and no underscores are used. Every word should start with an uppercase letter.
  • Database table– a table is made for storing the data. It is the same as the naming conventions for variables.
  • Model– mixed case is used and have singular with table name.
  • Controller– names are represented in plural form.
Some of the features of ruby on rails are listed below-
  • Meta-programming: code generation is used but for heavy lifting, it uses meta-programming.
  • Active record: objects are saved to the database through this framework. It identifies the columns in a schema and binds them to your domain object.
  • Scaffolding: it means it has the ability of creating temporary code automatically.
  • Convention over configuration: much configuration is not needed if the naming convention is followed.
  • Three environments: testing, development, and production are the three default environments in this framework.
  • Built-in testing: test cases are used in this for writing and executing the codes.
The web development is usually divided into three subsystems closely integrated to each other. They are: –
  • Model (active record): all the data logic is handled by this model which in rails is known as the active record library. It acts a bridge between the ruby program code and the main database.
  • View (action view): the end user sees the view part of the application.
  • Controller (action controller): it acts as a data broker of an application. It also helps in handling the logic which allows the model and view to communicate with one another.

This is how the model view controller framework used in ruby on rails.

It is a web application framework which is written in ruby language and is developed by David Hansson. It is an open source ruby framework for the development of database backend web application. It consists of everything which is needed for creating a database driven web application with the help of model view controller pattern.
The methods which are used before and after the action of the controller method are executed. It ensures that the code runs with the given action method which is called. Three types of filters are supported by rails. They are:
  • Before filters: these filters are executed before the execution of the code in the action controller.
  • After filters: these filters are executed after the execution of the code in the action controller.
  • Around filters: these are executed both before and after the execution of the code present in the action controller.
Some of the methods are listed below which are used for the protection of filters: –
  • Public: any external class or method that uses the same class in which it is defined can access this method.
  • Protected: these can be used only within the class in which they are defined and the classes that inherit from the class in which they are defined.
  • Private: these can be accessed only within the class in which they are defined.
  • App/controllers: in this, a web request is made by the user which is handled by the controller. Rails make use of this controller sub directory for finding the controller class.
  • App/helpers: some helper classes are present in the helper sub directory which is used for assisting the view, model and the controller classes present in it.
With the help of rails migration, we can make changes in the database schema which makes it possible to use the version control system for synchronization of those things with the actual code. Rails migration can perform the following things:
  • It helps in creating the table for the database.
  • Dropping the table is possible with the help of this.
  • Renaming of the table is possible.
  • We can even add columns.
  • Renaming of the columns can be done.
  • Columns can be changed too.
  • We can remove the columns and various other things can be done.
The rails controller works as the main logical centre of the application. With the help of this user, views, and models can interact with each other. Routing of external requests to internal actions is possible. It can handle the URL very well. It helps in regulating helper modules which extends the capabilities of view templates. It also regulates the session which gives user an impression of an on-going interaction with any application.
Following are the differences between observers and callbacks in ruby on rails: –
  • Rails observers: these are same as callbacks but are used when the method is not directly associated to the life cycle of the object. It lives for a longer duration of time and can be attached or detached at any time.
  • Rails callback: the callback methods can only be called at only certain points of time in the life cycle of an object like validation, creation, updating, deletion, etc. Unlike the rails observers, the rails callback lives for only a short period of time.