Static is a keyword in C++ programming used to give unique characteristics to an element. The static elements are allocated storage only once in an entire program lifetime in the static storage area. Also, they have a scope for the span of the program lifetime. Static member functions do not have this pointer, and they cannot be of a virtual type. Member method declarations with the same name and the name parameter-type-list cannot be overloaded if any of them is a static member function declaration. Furthermore, a static member function cannot be declared as const, volatile, or const volatile.